Marriage is the most important part of life for a Muslim. It is the most sacred union, sanctified in the sight of Allah. The word “Nikah” refers to marriage, which is the union of a man and woman for a lifetime.
In Islam, marriage is not just about having children or fulfilling sexual desire. It is an opportunity for both partners to grow and become better human beings through mutual love, affection and companionship.
Marriage gives you the chance to learn more about yourself, your partner and what it means to be a good husband or wife. Additionally, it helps you grow spiritually by learning how to give and receive love in all its forms: physically, mentally and emotionally.
Nikah is the Islamic way of getting married. The ceremony includes two witnesses and an Imam/Nikah Khawan who performs the ceremony. There are certain conditions that must be met before you can get married, such as:
Due to what appears to be a growing interest in Islamic law as a whole, and in particular the concept of marriage, its form, validity, and peculiarities, it may be useful and interesting to summarise the position.
As a contract between two people, marriage in Islam occurs only after an offer and an acceptance have been received. The word ‘marriage’ is translated into Arabic as ‘Nikah‘, which is a translation of the Arabic word ‘union of the sexes’. It is also said to be used as the setting for legalizing sexual intercourse and childbearing. As far as a marriage contract is concerned, neither writing nor recording is necessary – the silence of all authorities is sufficient to demonstrate this negative proposition; however, either may be of value as proof that the transaction was genuinely intended as a marriage. If it is a written document, it is called a Nikah Nama.
Nikah Nama is a written marriage contract, but it is not necessary in Islam. Two sane and adult Muslim males must witness the contracting parties or their attorneys (vakils) uttering the proposal (ijab) and acceptance (qaool) in each other’s presence and hearing, as well as two male witnesses, or one male and two female witnesses.
As a matter of fact, the bride and bridegroom may make a marriage contract themselves, or their guardians may do so ad hoc on their behalf. In the Holy Quran, married people are described as protecting their spouses, protecting them from doing impure things: “They are your garments and you are their garments” (2:187).
Marriage is an important part of Islam. It has been designed as a way for people to live in peace and harmony with one another, and it provides a framework of support that encourages couples to work through the challenges they face together.
The word “Nikah” means marriage in Arabic. In Islam, marriage is not just about love; it’s also about commitment, family values, and building a strong community.
Second, the dower money or “Mehr” is crucial to the marriage. The Holy Quran states that more is given to the wife as a free gift when they contract the marriage. When a woman is married, she is obligated to receive a dowry. The dowry may be in money or in kind. In order to avoid hardship on a couple, Islam does not make or intend to do so, and the bridegroom’s mehr should be what he can afford. This could include giving the wife a copy of the Holy Quran, a sum of money, paying for her education, or even giving her jewelry as a gift.
In contrast to giving mehr to the wife, the husband’s family, usually, his parents, give mehr to the wife on his behalf. In some Asian countries such as Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, however, the practice has developed over the years, with the girls’ side acquiring at great cost and expense to themselves a ‘dowry’ (Jahaiz, the wedding gifts) to endow the daughter with and provide some form of status in the eyes of her betrothed’s family upon the agreement of the parties to contract a marriage. It is common for male families to demand what they should be provided in order for the marriage to happen, which places great strain on some families. The Muslim community deplores this unseemly practice, and the government of India and Pakistan is doing everything they can to stop it. It is not uncommon for girls to commit suicide or young brides to be killed, either because they feel the pressure of the family to provide for them or because their in-laws are not satisfied with the amount of dowries that their families have furnished for them.
Marriage does not exist unless both parties express their mutual consent to live as husband and wife in public and in the presence of witnesses. It is therefore essential for the parties to inform a gathering of the news of the marriage, preferably in a public sitting.
A sermon delivered before the announcement of the marriage can also help promote the wedding while at the same time giving it a sacred atmosphere. A sermon is usually delivered by a member of the wedding party or by the nikah khawan. On such an occasion, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recited verses from the Holy Quran, including 3:101, 4:1, and 33:70, 71, which emphasize women’s obligations. After the sermon, the marriage is announced using the proper formalities like Ijab (offer) and Qabul (acceptance), and Mehr (marriage contract).
A Walimah or marriage feast, which is thrown at the groom’s house when the bride is taken there for the first time, also promotes publicity for a marriage.
Nikah is the Islamic way of getting married. The word Nikah means to tie and refers to the binding of a man and woman in wedlock. It is a sacred institution ordained by Allah (God) in which a man and woman establish their relationship as husband and wife, establishing their rights and responsibilities towards each other. Both parties must be willing participants in this union, each giving their consent to live together as husband and wife.
Islamic classical law does not require that any recorded ceremony or documentation be performed to prove the validity of a marriage contract: the only requirements to make the
contract valid and binding is mutual consent, capacity, and witnesses on the occasion. Even
the last provision is abolished by the Shias, as already mentioned.
It is difficult to prove a marriage when celebrating it abroad, and without any documentation, particularly when trying to prove that a marriage took place. As per Islamic law, a marriage may be established by presumption if there is nothing in writing to prove the marriage if a Nikah khawan confirms the marriage was celebrated, or if there are witnesses who can confirm the marriage. In such cases, unless there is a legal dispute against the alliance, the marriage may be presumed valid as long as the parties have lived together as husband and wife for a long period of time.
This situation would require satisfactory evidence in order to challenge marriage as a normal process, so a Nikah Nama, Marriage certificate or any written documentation of marriage would be extremely valuable. All marriages solemnized under Muslim law must be registered in Pakistan, according to the Muslim Family Law Ordinance 1961, art 5(1). However, no law or enactment in India requires compulsory registration of Muslim marriages with government officials. The local enactments of Assam, Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, however, allow Muslim marriages to be ‘voluntary’ registered.
A record of marriages attended by the nikah khawan is kept if all else fails. A copy of this document, referred to as a ‘Nikahnama’, is given to the parties by the nikah khawan, along with copies signed by the parties, their guardians, their witnesses, and the nikah khawan himself.
Nikah is the Islamic way of getting married. It is a contract between two individuals, and it is recognized by the law of the land. Marriage in Islam has many important benefits, and it is recommended that Muslims get married as soon as they are financially stable and emotionally mature enough to handle the responsibility.
These Asian governments are aware of the various and potential difficulties associated with Islamic marriages in order to deal with society as it moves from the twentieth century into the twenty-first century. To deal with these difficulties, certain laws, legislation, and procedures were passed so that they were more in line with some of the formalities commonly found in a Western country when undergoing a marriage. In the future, the issues related to proving a marriage to be Islamic will hopefully no longer be an issue.